Click ANY of these links to get what you want.
c.squared.pdf 11-25-2017 (Adobe)
c.squared.doc 11-25-2017 (Word)
The Minkowski Light Cone
Here's what it is.
October the 16th 2015
I've written many science books over the years. The first one I wrote in 1966. There was a full page devoted entirely to that first book of mine in the June 18, 1967 New York Times newspaper: The page covering my book was page 29 of the Sunday Book Review section. I enjoyed writing that book and have enjoyed writing about science all through these many years.
What really interests me now though are the rules ofPhase Symmetry that give us the phase rules for this frequency universe we find ourselves in.
I'll be 83 in a couple of months and close to the end of my writing career. But as old as I get there always seems to be something new and important to write about. Now I have to write about the last piece of thePhase Symmetry puzzle that has been solved, which is the real reason that we have the Minkowski light cone.
The concept of energy particles, that stream off the stars that we might receive years later, was flatly rejected by Minkowski — Einstein's teacher — because he knew that this was a violation of the conservation of energy.
Minkowski saw energy was conserved therefore all energy had to be treated as binding energy that could be transferred only at a specific time, which his light cone provides.
You will have to really dig into Phase Symmetry to get the complete picture, of what I'm trying to paint, but here are the essentials:
We know that a positron, that is exactly 180 degrees out of phase to an electron, can meet with an electron causing a complete annihilation of both.
Similarly in Phase Symmetry, we have space-time between you and a star that is built of frequencies 180 degrees out of phase to the electron's spin frequency that builds your real time.
TheMinkowski light cone is essentially showing us the same thing; that time in space-time is built from frequencies that are 180 degrees out of phase with the electron's spin frequency or what we see as our real time: This is important! And I have already shown, how this works, in my Phase Symmetry papers.
Well, essentially the same thing (as with the positron & electron) happens to build theMinkowski light cone but here, instead of space annihilation, we have time annihilation: Both times — that are 180 degrees out of phase with each other — annihilate themselves like the positron and electron.
(It's really the frequencies producing those times that annihilate themselves.)
The 180 degree out of phase time contained inside space-time (the distance to a star) must exactly equal the electron spin frequency real time between you and that star before your eye can instantly receive light from that star: This is theMinkowski light cone.
You are on theMinkowski light cone with a star when the 180 degree out of phase time, in what we see as space-time, exactly annihilates or cancels the real electron spin frequency time that we perceive as real time between us and that star.
Energy can only be instantly transferred from that star to your eye when those two 180 degree out of phase frequencies, producing those opposite times, have annihilated themselves.
The star remains where it is in space and time. Only your connection to it via theMinkowski light cone has now been enabled.
The reason you keep seeing that star is the exact amount of space-time is continually being added to perfectly cancel your real electron spin frequency time from then on.
So, it's as simple as that really and if Hermann Minkowski hadn't died early of appendicitis then he might have told you what I just told you.
While the veracity of this paper may be debated, the truth is that this simple model of phase explains Minkowski's complicated light cone:
Mathematician Stephen Wolfram said, "Math can only explain simple things but a simple model can explain a complicated universe."
Phase Symmetry is limited in showing us phase relationships, that exist, in both the microcosm and macrocosm and this paper is another example of where this can help us understand the world of Einstein's general relativity better. Also Phase Symmetry shows us phase relationships that seem to make quantum theory more complete.
For more about Phase Symmetry read:http://www.amperefitz.com
Daniel P. Fitzpatrick Jr.